Many people know the term, but only a few know what is really behind periodontosis. In the following, you will learn everything important about the development, clinical picture and prophylaxis of periodontosis.
What is periodontal disease?
Periodontal disease, also called periodontitis in medical parlance, is an inflammatory disease that mainly affects the gums and the periodontium. In the worst case, periodontosis can result in the loss of teeth. Periodontitis is often characterised by a chronic clinical picture.
How does periodontosis develop?
The main causes of periodontal disease are bacteria in the oral cavity, which are ingested daily with food and are stored on the teeth in the form of plaque (bacterial plaque). The pre-stage of periodontal disease is the common inflammation of the gums (gingivitis), which can then spread to the jawbone (dental bed).
Risk factors periodontosis
• Smoking • Insufficient oral hygiene • Diabetes Mellitus • Genetic predispositions
How does periodontosis progress?
Once the inflammation has spread to the tooth bed, the gums begin to recede and separate from the tooth. The resulting tooth pockets offer an even better opportunity for bacteria to multiply and thus ensure that the inflammation intensifies. From there, the bacteria can also make their way towards the root of the tooth, sometimes even to the jawbone. If the inflammation spreads to supporting structures of the tooth, this can ultimately lead to the loss of the affected tooth.
How can periodontosis be prevented?
An important role in periodontal prophylaxis is attributed to thorough tooth cleaning, as it is much more difficult to combat risk factors other than inadequate oral hygiene. However, with a sonic toothbrush, such as thehappybrush, you are well equipped and can prevent periodontal disease without any additional effort!