Tooth decay

What is tooth decay?

Caries, also called tooth decay, is a disease of the hard tissues of the tooth and is one of the most common infectious diseases of the teeth. Bacteria convert sugars ingested through food into acids that are harmful to teeth. These acids attack the enamel and deeper layers of the tooth, creating the "holes in the tooth" typical of caries.

How can I recognise tooth decay?

In early stages, tooth decay cannot be immediately recognised by pain or holes in the area of the teeth, but can remain undetected for a long time. However, early recognition of caries is particularly important to prevent drastic damage to teeth. If tooth decay only becomes apparent through toothache, the disease is already well advanced. The first symptoms are e.g. light or brownish spots on the teeth, which can still be treated by simple remineralisation of the teeth. In later stages, tooth decay is comparatively difficult to treat and dentists are often forced to use a drill.

How does tooth decay develop?

The bacteria responsible for tooth decay (Streptococcus mutans) do not belong to the natural flora of the oral cavity; they are only transmitted from person to person in the course of life. However, the bacterium itself does not necessarily cause tooth decay, which is why it is not classified as an infectious disease. The bacteria convert sugar from food into harmful acids that attack the enamel and lead to demineralisation of the tooth. Although the teeth can be remineralised by saliva, if the acid load from frequent consumption of sugary foods and drinks is persistent, this mechanism is overstrained and the enamel loses its stability. If no treatment is given at this stage, the bacteria penetrate further and further into the enamel and work their way deeper and deeper into the tooth, often unnoticed. After reaching the dentin (dentine) inside the tooth, the first pain is felt. If bacteria penetrate to the pulp (tooth marrow), those affected suffer from very severe toothache. Now the bacteria can spread unhindered in the jaw and thus often cause the tooth to fail.

Gum pocket

Risk factors

• Insufficient oral hygiene
• Frequent consumption of food and drinks containing sugar
• Genetic factors (e.g. low basic pH value in the oral cavity)
• Poor salivation

Successful tooth decay prophylaxis

Limited consumption of high-sugar foods and regular check-ups with your dentist can effectively prevent tooth decay. However, the most important thing is thorough oral hygiene. With our happybrush sonic toothbrush you are perfectly equipped to limit the formation of damaging acids by effectively removing plaque (deposits on the teeth). In addition, our SuperBlack toothpaste ensures that your tooth enamel is strengthened against demineralisation through optimal fluoride-supply! In this way you can easily and stylishly protect yout teeth from decay make them happy!

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