Gum infection - Gingivitis

What you should know about gingivitis and oral hygiene

Gum inflammations are acute or chronic infections of the gums, also known as "gingivitis" in medical jargon. In extreme cases, this disease can lead to receding gums. Bacteria cause an inflammation of the gums. Gingivitis causes the gums to become red, swollen and bleed easily. With daily brushing, flossing and regular professional cleanings by a dentist or dental hygienist, this mild form of gum disease can usually be reversed. While gingivitis does not pose a risk of tooth loss, it is still highly advisable that you get rid of the bacteria in your mouth that are the main cause of the disease by brushing your teeth thoroughly.

What are the causes of gum disease?

Our oral cavity is full of bacteria. These bacteria, along with mucus and other particles, usually form a sticky, colourless (plaque)on your teeth. If oral hygiene is poor, that is, if there is an excessive amount of bacteria in one place, the teeth become infected. plaque, that is not removed hardens and forms tartar. To get rid of plaque, brush your teeth thoroughly and regularly a href="https://www.happybrush.com/superclean-zahnseide/">floss them. Once tartar has formed, only a dentist or a dental hygienist can get rid of it with professional dental cleaning Chronic gingivitis can develop into periodontosissevere gingivitis) and even lead to gum recession and tooth loss.

Symptoms of gingivitis:

• Swelling, redness and bleeding of the gums
• Sensitivity and pain in the gums during tooth brushing
• Bad taste in the mouth
• Bad breath
• Pus formation between the teeth and gums

Gum inflammation

How long do gum infections last?

Gum inflammation usually lasts for 2-5 days. You should see a doctor no later than one week after the onset of inflammation symptoms. If you have frequent gum inflammations (chronic gum inflammations), you should seek intensive dental treatment.

What can you do against acute gingivitis?

• Drink tea with ginger, cinnamon, camomile:
For acute gingivitis pain, it helps to drink a lot of tea to relieve the inflammation. Make yourself some tea, take a sip and let the liquid pass over your gums. You can also gargle tea as a mouthwash. Ginger helps with inflammatory conditions and chamomile can also help relieve inflammation in the mouth and keep the gums healthy. Cinnamon has a strong antibacterial effect and is known to be used to treat infections.
• Rinse your mouth with a saline solution:
Gargling with salt water may be a very old trick to reduce acute inflammation of the gums, but it remains one of the most effective! The salt acts as an antibacterial agent, cleanses the mouth from dirt and soothes the inflammation on the gums. Dissolve a teaspoon of table salt in a cup of hot water to make a saline solution. Gargle this solution so that it also reaches the gums. (Do not swallow!) You can achieve a similar result by doing the same for 30 seconds with a mixture of water and fresh lemon juice. This is probably not as effective as salt water, but this solution tastes better! The juice of half a lemon is enough, more could harm your teeth.
• Drink plenty of water:
Drink plenty of water to remove food debris and bacteria from the mouth and to prevent plaque build-up. Drinking water stimulates saliva production, which naturally eliminates bacteria.
• Clove oil:
Clove oil is also a natural treatment for inflamed gums. The effectiveness is proven. Clove oil relieves pain and reduces inflammation! Smear a little clove oil directly on the inflamed gums with a cotton swab three times a day. Clove oil can be found in most pharmacies and health food shops.

Who gets gum disease?

Men are more likely to develop gum disease than women. In young people, periodontal disease tends to develop less frequently; gingivitis, the milder form of gum disease, is more common.
Puberty/hormones
However, inflamed gums can also be the result of excessive hormone release, which increases blood pressure in the gums. This increase in hormones can occur during puberty, menstruation, pregnancy and menopause. Some birth control pills can also release this type of hormone.
Pregnant women
regnant women are particularly susceptible to gum problems. Six out of ten women suffer from gum inflammation during their pregnancy. Hormone levels increase during pregnancy. Blood therefore flows more quickly into your gums and so swelling and inflammation (gingivitis) can develop more easily. But it also shows that pathogenic bacteria are present in plaque

How do you keep your teeth and gums healthy?

• Brush your teeth thoroughly twice a day. For a more thorough result, clean your teeth with an electric toothbrush, such as our happybrush toothbrush.
• Use a toothpaste that contains fluoride. Such as our happbrush SuperBlack toothpaste.
• Visit your dentist regularly for a check-up
• It is recommended to have two professional teeth cleanings done by a dentist every year.
• Hands off cigarettes. Smoking not only damages your lungs, but also your oral health.

How can you avoid gingivitis?

You should brush your teeth thoroughly 2-3 times a day for 2 minutes. Daily brushing reduces gingivitis by 60%. Even if you have bleeding gums, it is important to brush your teeth thoroughly with soft bristles. Alternatively, use the sensitive function on your electric toothbrush. The brush is placed horizontally on the border between the gums and the teeth, so that the bristles penetrate the space between the teeth and the gums and remove food particles and plaque. It is also advisable to floss to remove food debris from between the teeth. Bacteria also multiply very quickly between the teeth. Instead ofdental floss you can also use interdental brushes.

The right diet to prevent gingivitis

Make sure you eat a varied and balanced diet. A poor diet can lead to gingivitis. It is especially important that your diet is rich in vitamin C, calcium and folic acid. This is because vitamin C and folic acid actively help to maintain healthy gums and prevent the development of gingivitis. It has been proven that people who suffer from calcium deficiency are more likely to develop gum disease. Take a daily dose of multivitamins and eat plenty of fruit and vegetables.
Food:
• Rich in vitamin C: papaya, peppers, strawberries, broccoli, pineapple, brussels sprouts, kiwi, oranges, melons and cabbage.
• Rich in calcium: milk, yoghurt and cheese and sardines, tofu, salmon, soya milk, cereals and kale.
• Rich in folic acid: green leafy vegetables, broccoli, asparagus, peas, beans, lentils, celery, avocados and citrus fruits.
Vegetables rich in nitrates inhibit gingivitis:
There is a clinical study that demonstrates the inhibitory effect of dietary nitrate on gingivitis. The results suggest that gingivitis patients should eat more nitrate-rich vegetables. Avoid simple sugars and alcohol, as these will increase your plaque and weaken your immune system. Instead, consume foods rich in fibre, such as fruits, vegetables, beans and whole grains.

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